Teaching Tips & Strategies
February Strategy: Standards are the Minimum, Not the Maximum
As a Texas teacher, you are required to cover your TEKS. One of the most significant barriers to developing gifted learners is misunderstanding the purpose of those grade-level standards. They are not the maximum of what you are allowed to teach, but the minimum. They are the floor, not the ceiling. They are what you must do, not what you can do. As a teacher, you should go beyond your standards whenever you have the opportunity.
Advanced students deserve advanced content. It is impossible to differentiate for your gifted learners without going beyond your standards. It is a myth that children can only learn certain things at certain ages. Just because they may not master something, does not mean you should not expose them to advanced ideas. In fact, advanced concepts are often exciting, especially when presented as forbidden knowledge meant only for older students.
This brings me to my final point: It is imperative that as a teacher, you know entirely MORE than your grade level's content. Who is to say that a student just learning division cannot learn that the division of something into infinite pieces is zero? Why not allow students learning about theatre to act out a famous scene in Macbeth? Could you bring up simple harmonic motion when first teaching about sound? The answer is yes. Look at your curriculum and take your students beyond your grade-level standards.
5 Myths Concerning G/T Students
- Gifted Students Don’t Need Help; They Do Well On Their Own!
- In order to develop their abilities, gifted students need guidance from well-trained teachers who challenge and support them. Don’t let boredom and frustration lead to low achievement, despondency, and poor work ethic in your classes. As a teacher, your role is to identify possible gifted children and nurture the talents of all G/T students in your classroom.
- Gifted Students Do Well In A Regular Classroom!
- Academically gifted children often feel out of place with age peers and gravitate towards students/teachers that they believe are intellectual peers. It is important that all G/T students have a time to collaborate with one another. As a teacher, you should look for opportunities to group G/T students together, as well as support your G/T facilitators and the pull-out program.
- Gifted Students Are Great Role Models And Peer Tutors!
- Students that perform on an average to below-average level do not look to the gifted students in the class as role models. Watching or relying on someone who is expected to succeed does little to increase a struggling student’s sense of self-confidence. Similarly, gifted students benefit most from classroom interactions with peers at similar performance levels and can become bored, frustrated, and unmotivated when placed in classes and tutoring sessions with underperforming students. Allowing gifted students to tutor or teach others assumes that being gifted means knowing how to explain concepts. Often, these students are unable to verbalize how they know something and when they do explain their understanding of a concept, it is a bit off-the-wall and thus, just confuses the other students. As a teacher, allow your gifted students to work on more advanced work when finished with their daily assignments.
- All Children Are Gifted!
- All children have strengths, talents, and positive attributes, but not all are gifted in the educational sense of the word. The label “Gifted and Talented” just means that in a school setting, when compared to others in his or her age group or grade level, this student has an advanced capacity to learn and apply what is learned in one or more subject areas. As a teacher, you should nurture all of your students. You must also be aware that G/T students have this advanced capacity and will require modifications to the regular curriculum to ensure they are challenged and learn new material. Gifted does not connote good or better; it is just a term that allows students to be identified for services that meet their unique learning needs.
- All Gifted Students Are High Achievers!
- Underachievement describes a discrepancy between a student’s performance and his actual ability. Why do children underperform? There are many reasons and often are based on each child’s unique experiences. G/T students may become bored and lose interest, others may never learn good study habits, and still some may just distrust the school environment. Some gifted students will act out and some will encourage others to act out for them. Other gifted students may try to fit-in socially with their peers and begin completing school work from a place of fear, where missing a questions results in the student questioning her own intelligence. This results in a student afraid to take educational risks. Gifted students may also have learning disabilities, or English may be their second language, so they are experiencing difficulties in the classroom, but the intellectual capacity is still there. No matter the cause, it is imperative that teachers help break the cycle of underachievement and encourage students to perform at an appropriate intelligence level.